Origin / growing areas
The origin of the wild cherry can be traced to Eurasia. Today, some 400 varieties are cultivated in temperature climate zones all over the world. Seventy-five percent of the all cherries harvested world-wide come from Europe – from Turkey to southern Sweden.
Cherries are stone fruits. They grow on short bushes and tall trees reaching heights of up to 20 metres.
Cherries are rich in phosphorus and iron as well as vitamins B1, B2, B6 and C. The results of recent research also refer to high levels of antioxidants.
The yellow to dark-red, almost black fruits come in shapes ranging from round to oval.
Cherries taste either sweet and aromatic (sweet cherries) or sour (sour cherries). There is also a hybrid variety known as bastard cherry. The flesh varies from yellow to dark-red, and – when the fruit is ripe – is either hard or soft, depending on the type. Different varieties may be used in the production of fruit juices, fruit beverages and smoothies, depending on the preferred flavour.